Government’s Electricity Subsidy Exceeds ₦600 Billion in 2023, Despite Rising Discos Revenue

The Nigerian electricity sector witnessed a significant influx of government subsidies in 2023, reaching a staggering ₦628.61 billion, according to data from the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC)

Nigerian Electricity Sector Faces Scrutiny Amidst Customer Complaints and Regulatory Sanctions

The Nigerian electricity sector witnessed a significant influx of government subsidies in 2023, reaching a staggering ₦628.61 billion, according to data from the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC). 


Despite this substantial financial support, complaints about poor service delivery from power distribution companies (Discos) persisted. Additionally, the sector faced regulatory scrutiny as Discos were found to have overbilled customers by billions, prompting calls for stricter enforcement and improved accountability.

Government Subsidies Surge Amidst Rising Discos Revenue

In the face of increasing revenue for power distribution companies, the federal government’s expenditure on electricity subsidies surged throughout 2023. 

NERC data revealed that Discos collected a total revenue of ₦1.08 trillion during the same period. However, the rise in revenue did not translate to improved service delivery, as consumers continued to express dissatisfaction with the quality of the electricity supply.

An analysis of quarterly figures indicated a steady increase in electricity subsidies, with the fourth quarter alone accounting for ₦252.76 billion. This surge, according to NERC, was primarily driven by the government’s policy to harmonize exchange rates and maintain end-user tariffs at December 2022 levels. 

Despite these subsidies, power distribution companies struggled to meet their obligations, leading to concerns about the sustainability of the sector’s financial model.


Customer Complaints and Regulatory Scrutiny

Amidst the backdrop of increasing subsidies and rising revenue for Discos, consumers voiced their frustrations over poor service delivery. The National Secretary of the Nigeria Electricity Consumer Advocacy Network (NECAN), Uket Obonga, criticized the policies initiated by NERC, stating that they favored Discos at the expense of consumers. 

He highlighted issues such as overbilling, lack of metering, and harassment of customers for unpaid bills, calling for stricter regulatory oversight and sanctions against non-compliant Discos.

NERC’s quarterly reports further underscored the challenges facing the electricity sector, with billing and collection efficiencies declining despite increased energy offtake. 

This inverse relationship raised concerns about the long-term viability of the Nigerian Electricity Supply Industry (NESI) and the need for Discos to address commercial losses and improve energy accounting.

Regulatory Sanctions and Calls for Accountability

In response to widespread billing discrepancies, NERC imposed sanctions on Discos, which was found to have overbilled customers. 

The commission ordered the deduction of over ₦10 billion from the annual allowed revenues of eleven power distribution companies, signaling a tougher stance on non-compliance. 

Despite these measures, concerns remained about the effectiveness of regulatory enforcement and the need for transparency in the billing process.

NERC’s efforts to cap estimated bills for unmetered customers aimed to align billing practices with actual consumption, but implementation challenges persisted. 

Discos were instructed to refund overbilled customers and ensure compliance with regulatory directives to prevent future occurrences. However, the effectiveness of these measures hinged on the willingness of Discos to prioritize customer service and accountability.

Towards a More Transparent and Accountable Electricity Sector

The Nigerian electricity sector faces a critical juncture characterized by rising government subsidies, customer complaints, and regulatory scrutiny. 

While subsidies are essential to bridge the gap between cost-reflective tariffs and actual revenue, they must be accompanied by measures to improve service delivery and accountability. 

Regulatory sanctions, such as those imposed by NERC, underscore the importance of enforcing compliance and deterring fraudulent practices.

Moving forward, stakeholders must work collaboratively to address systemic challenges and foster transparency in the electricity sector. 

This includes accelerating metering initiatives, enhancing energy accounting practices, and strengthening regulatory oversight. 

By prioritizing the interests of consumers and promoting accountability, Nigeria can realize its vision of a reliable and accessible electricity supply for all.


This article was created using automation and was thoroughly edited and fact-checked by one of our staff editorial members

Latest articles

Related articles