UN Coordinator Highlights Climate Change and Conflict Concerns in Nigeria

Despite these challenges, Fall reported positive developments in the northeast, where the Boko Haram insurgency has been partially contained. A recent survey by the UN International Organization for Migration (IOM) reflects this cautious optimism

NEW YORK – Speaking to reporters at the United Nations Headquarters, Mohamed Malick Fall, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria, drew attention to the critical impacts of climate change in Nigeria.

He emphasized how climate-induced shocks are exacerbating displacement and driving conflict, particularly between farmers and herders.

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“Climate-related shocks are triggering displacement and driving conflict,said Fall, identifying the increasing clashes over shrinking resources as a key issue.

These conflicts are fueled by the climate crisis, which is forcing herding communities to abandon their traditional lands in search of better grazing areas, escalating tensions with farming communities.

Signs of Stability in Northeast Nigeria

Despite these challenges, Fall reported positive developments in the northeast, where the Boko Haram insurgency has been partially contained. A recent survey by the UN International Organization for Migration (IOM) reflects this cautious optimism.

According to the survey, about 37 percent of displaced individuals expressed a desire to return to their places of origin. In Borno state, once a Boko Haram stronghold, this figure rose to 67 percent.

The survey also revealed that 38 percent of respondents intended to remain in their current locations and integrate with local communities.

Factors influencing these decisions include the reconstruction of homes in their original locations and the improved security situation in areas of displacement.

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Economic Reforms and Inflation Concerns

Fall highlighted the Nigerian Government’s economic reform efforts, particularly through itsRenewed Hopeagenda, which was launched last year.

Although economists predict that inflation could begin to decrease by the end of the year, the current situation remains challenging.

“Prices are getting higher, especially food prices, which negatively impacts people’s ability to access a decent life,Fall noted. The spike in food prices is a significant concern, affecting the everyday lives of Nigerians and their ability to maintain a decent standard of living.

UN’s Two-Track Support Strategy

The UN is aligning its operations with the Nigerian Government’s priorities, adopting a two-track approach to support the country. The first track focuses on humanitarian response, aiming to save lives and reduce vulnerabilities among Nigerians.

The second track supports development efforts in pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

“This two-track approach is essential to not only address immediate needs but also to foster long-term development and stability,Fall explained.

Conclusion

Mohamed Malick Fall’s briefing underscores the multifaceted challenges facing Nigeria, from climate-induced displacement and resource-based conflicts to economic instability.

While there are signs of improvement in the northeast, the overall situation requires sustained and coordinated efforts to ensure stability and development.

As the UN continues to work closely with the Nigerian Government, the international community’s support remains crucial in addressing these complex issues and achieving sustainable development in the region.

 

This article was created using automation technology and was thoroughly edited and fact-checked by one of our editorial staff members

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