Nigeria Awash in a Toxic Tide: Rampant Use of Dangerous Pesticides Raises Alarms

The consequences of this reliance on hazardous chemicals became starkly evident in 2020 when a village in Benue state witnessed the tragic deaths of 270 people, a result of fishermen contaminating the main water source with chemicals used to catch fish

In the quest to diversify its economy and reduce dependence on oil revenue, Nigeria, with its vast population of 213 million, has set its sights on agriculture. 

With 37 million hectares of fertile land, the potential for a thriving agricultural sector seems promising. 


However, the journey towards this goal is riddled with challenges, particularly in the use of pesticides that not only jeopardize crop quality but also pose severe health risks to the nation’s citizens.

Pesticide Pandemonium: A Toxic Conundrum:

Nigeria, one of Africa’s leaders in pesticide expenditure, spent a staggering $384 million on these chemicals in 2018 alone. 

Astonishingly, 58% of the pesticides approved for use in the country are banned in Europe due to their toxicity. 

The consequences of this reliance on hazardous chemicals became starkly evident in 2020 when a village in Benue state witnessed the tragic deaths of 270 people, a result of fishermen contaminating the main water source with chemicals used to catch fish.

Health Hazards and Environmental Concerns:


Scientists from Nigerian universities argue that the rampant use of dangerous pesticides is contributing to escalating cancer rates, claiming the lives of up to 79,000 Nigerians annually. 

Shockingly, approximately 80% of the pesticides commonly employed by small-scale farmers are deemed highly hazardous. 

The need for stringent regulations to curtail the use of these harmful chemicals is more pressing than ever.

Regulatory Void: A Looming Crisis:

In August, environmental activists and politicians convened in Abuja to address the dire situation, only to discover a startling lack of regulations governing the import and use of pesticides. 

Their concerns deepened upon learning that two bills currently under consideration in parliament could potentially make it easier for foreign companies to peddle dangerous agrochemicals in the Nigerian market. This regulatory void demands urgent attention and rectification.

Farmers Caught in the Crossfire:

While boosting farm output requires addressing a myriad of challenges, such as seed quality, affordable fertilizers, and improved market access, the pesticide predicament cannot be overlooked. 

Farmers, reliant on recommendations from marketers and traders, find themselves trapped in a cycle where the accessibility of hazardous pesticides perpetuates their usage. 

To break this cycle, a dual approach is imperative: restricting the supply of harmful chemicals and promoting alternatives that are safe for both crops and consumers.

The Call for Change: Advocacy and Alternatives:

Jochen Luckscheiter of the Heinrich Böll Foundation emphasizes the need to disrupt the status quo by halting the supply of harmful pesticides while simultaneously introducing safer alternatives. 

Farmers, often constrained by economic considerations, need viable options that prioritize both productivity and public health. 

The role of advocacy groups, NGOs, and government bodies is pivotal in creating awareness and facilitating the transition to sustainable farming practices.

Security Concerns: A Parallel Challenge:

Amidst the pesticide conundrum, Nigeria grapples with security issues that have forced thousands of farmers to abandon their homes and fields. 

The spectre of jihadist threats in the north and conflicts between herders and farmers add another layer of complexity to the agricultural landscape. 

Despite these formidable challenges, regulating pesticides remains a comparatively straightforward task and is essential for safeguarding the health of the population.

Conclusion: A Path Forward for Sustainable Agriculture:

Nigeria’s ambition to transform its agricultural sector and reduce reliance on oil revenue is commendable, but the journey is fraught with perils, particularly the indiscriminate use of toxic pesticides. 

As the nation strives to overcome security challenges and provide farmers with the necessary resources, regulating the pesticide industry emerges as a critical step towards a healthier and more sustainable agricultural future. 

The onus is now on lawmakers, advocacy groups, and stakeholders to collaborate in implementing robust regulations, fostering awareness, and promoting safer alternatives, ensuring that Nigeria’s agricultural renaissance is built on a foundation of health and sustainability.


This article was created using automation technology and was thoroughly edited and fact-checked by one of our editorial staff members

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